Educators should attempt to create a common and solid strategy in preschool educational institutions in order to sufficiently ensure a safe social environment of children. A research examining health and safety issues in Lithuanian preschools was carried out in Klaipeda. The aim of the research was to analyse the conditions of safe environment creation for children in pre-school educational institution and its development prospects. The following questions were asked: 1. What are the factors that influence the safety of pre-school educational institution environment and could these factors be developed? 2. What difficulties arise in the process of safe environment creation for children? 3. How could the creation of safe environment be developed in contemporary pre-school educational institutions?